Mood disorders have become extremely common ever since the pandemic has started. They can be triggered by anything like losing a loved one, being alone, or not feeling successful enough. In this blog, let’s learn everything about mood disorders, like what are they? Or why can’t psychiatry heal mood disorders?
What is a Mood Disorder?
As the name suggests, a mood disorder is something that mainly affects your mood. It is also commonly known as an affective disorder and affects hundreds of people around the globe. Basically, it is a condition that has a negative influence on mood and its associated functions. A person with a mood disorder has periods of intense happiness, severe despair, or even both.
While it is natural for humans to experience sadness, happiness, or grief depending on the situation, people with mood disorders have had these feelings are a long time. This sort of the change in mood must present for several weeks or more in order to be identified as a mood disorder.
What are the Types of Mood Disorders?
Considering there are a number of emotions that humans experience, mood disorders are of different types. Five of the mood disorders commonly observed in people all over the world include the following:
1. Major Depression
For at least two weeks, having less interest in typical activities, feeling gloomy or hopeless, and other symptoms may suggest depression.
- Outbursts of rage
- Loss of joy or interest in most or all usual activities
- Sleep problems, such as insomnia or excessive sleeping
A persistent, low-grade, melancholy or irritated mood that lasts at least two years is known as dysthymia.
- Tiredness and lack of energy
- Irritability or excessive anger
- Decreased activity, effectiveness, and productivity
- Avoidance of social activities
- Trouble concentrating and trouble to make decisions
- Feelings of guilt
- Low self-esteem, self-criticism, or feeling incapable
3. Bipolar illness
Bipolar illness is a mental disorder in which a person has periods of depression followed by times of mania or heightened mood.
- Excessive joy, optimism, and enthusiasm
- Sudden shifts from elation to irritability, anger, and hostility
- Rapid speech and inability to concentrate
- Increased energy and fewer sleep requirements
- Energy depletion
- Hopelessness or feelings of worthlessness
- They are no longer interested in activities they formerly enjoyed.
- Having difficulty concentrating
4. Mood problem caused by a medical Condition
Many medical conditions, for example, cancer, accidents, infections, and chronic diseases. It can cause depressive feelings, which is another type of mood disorder.
5. Substance-induced mood disorder
Depression symptoms are caused by medication, substance misuse, alcoholism, exposure to chemicals, or other types of therapy.
How can Mood Disorders be Healed?
There are different treatments available for the treatment of mood disorders. Typically, treatment consists of a mix of medicine and psychotherapy, commonly known as “talk therapy.” A psychologist, psychiatrist, or another health practitioner may conduct therapy sessions. So, we can’t question why can’t psychiatrists heal mood disorders? Because they can. Some of these treatments might include:
Drugs for Depression or Bipolar disorders
Your psychiatrist might prescribe you some of the following drugs to treat mood disorders:
- mood stabilizers
Psychotherapy Or Talk therapy
Patients suffering from depression or other mood disorders may benefit from different forms of psychotherapy or counseling. Therapies include the following: Cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT), Interpersonal Counseling, and Therapy for problem-solving.
According to research, psychotherapy has many appealing aspects, and this treatment may bring long-term benefits for mood disorders. Also, there are usually no side effects of this kind of treatment because no drugs or other types of stimulation are involved.
However, it must be noted that psychotherapy can take weeks or even months to produce results. It may raise the risk of early treatment discontinuation, particularly in extremely symptomatic patients or seeking speedy relief.
Brain stimulation therapies
Brain stimulation treatments are considered to function by producing changes in brain chemicals known to be involved with symptoms of depression and bipolar disorder. These kinds of therapies are not as frequently used as medication or psychotherapy. But, they have the potential to cure some mental diseases that do not respond to other treatments.
Electroconvulsive treatment is the most well-studied and longest-used brain stimulation therapy. An electric current is used in this therapy to treat severe mental illnesses. However, this sort of therapy is normally opted only when previous therapies have failed to improve a patient’s condition. Other stimulation techniques are also available, but they are newer and, in some situations, still experimental.
When to Consult a Psychiatrist?
There is nothing wrong with feeling sad, hurt, or getting emotional when bad things happen, but you must make sure that these feelings don’t stay for long. If you have been feeling sad, anxious, or have lost interest in your favorite things for the last few months, it is best to talk to a therapist. You can now consult with the Best Psychiatrists in Karachi Online from the comfort of your home through MARHAM.PK.